Printing with ABS filament is fairly straight forward although compared with PLA a heated print platform is required. Due to differences in cooling of the material while printing the layers has a tendency to bend upwards leaving the print platform (also known as warping). Printing on a heat bed at approximately 80° to 100 °C will prevent this.
As with all filaments is essential that the first layer is bonding with the print platform. If the print is not firmly attached to the platform, the print will fail. Simply.
There are numerous of more or less good advise to be found of the internet and you will have to experiment a little in order to find which method is working the best for you as factors as platform material, temperatures and the chemical composition of the filament are important factors.
A few hints on how to make your 3D print bond to the print platform:
- Do nothing, just print. Depending on the materials involved this simple method might actually work well.
- Print on top of 3M blue painters tape (blue color seems to be better than the other colors available). Avoid overlaps of tape.
- Print on top of Kapton tape. Avoid overlaps of tape.
- Print on top of PET (polyimide) tape. Avoid overlaps of tape.
- Use some Hairspray (extra strong versions recommended) on the print platform
- Mixture of ABS / Acetone. Dissolve a small piece of ABS into 50 ml of Acetone and coat your print bed with this mixture.
The temperature settings on your printer are important in order to create a successful print. Its not easy to make any fixed recommend temperature as printers do have individual characteristics so the temperature is a guideline only. An important facture is that we find that the temperature reading coming from the various brands of 3D printer in the market is actually highly in-accurate. It simply show wrong to either side. In order to find the optimal temperature setting you will have to experiment a little with temperature settings (which again can vary slightly from one production batch to the other). Make sure that the printer is placed in a temperature stable environment (open windows is a very bad idea).